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Murray perforator - a Connected Earth artefact now in the Amberley Working Museum Murray, Donald (1865-1945)

Donald Murray invented the 5-unit code multiplex telegraph system.

Murray migrated from New Zealand to Sydney, Australia, to study and then became a journalist. For him journalism wasn't just about the words but how the newspaper was put together. He was fascinated by the mechanical operation, which set him wondering about setting printing type by telegraph.

He moved to New York and then London, where he published a paper on his typesetting ideas. This sparked a lot of interest and won him an award, with which he started to develop a prototype machine. Feeding off and improving the work of Emile Baudot, Murray developed a system that became widely used by the French telegraph administration.

Murray published a couple of books on telegraphy but most of his time was spent running his company, which made and sold the 'Murray' system.

He became ill in 1940 and moved to Switzerland, where despite three operations he died a few years later.

fun and games

Can you beat our games? Explode equipment to see what's inside, hear the changing sounds of telecommunications, see how telecommunications designs have changed over time or send an e-postacard.

what's on

The UK's first permanent gallery dedicated to the history of information and communication technologies opens in the new Information Age gallery at London’s Science Museum.

audio history

Take a trip down memory lane with extracts of the interviews which have been recorded as part of the Connected Earth oral history programme.

featured story

100 years of automatic switching!
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Discover the early days of the telephone...