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Baekeland, Dr. Leo (1863-1944)
The chemist Leo Baekeland is regarded as the 'father of plastic'. Born in Ghent, Belgium, he moved to New York in 1889. Before becoming involved with plastics, he first invented a new system for developing photos that worked with gaslight....
Bain, Alexander (1811-1877)

Alexander Bain was a Scottish watchmaker who invented the chemical telegraph - forerunner of the fax machine.

Bain grew up in humble surroundings, but attending a science lecture at the age of 12 opened his mind to new ways of thinking and changed his life....

Baird, John Logie (1888-1946)
John Logie Baird played a key role in popularising television in Britain.

He grew up in Glasgow under the watchful eye of his father, a Presbyterian minister, and followed his father's strict Calvinist approach to work. In 1914, he moved to London to look for work, having successfully completed his electrical engineering diploma....
Baird & Zworykin
Vladimir Zworykin and John Logie Baird are usually cited as the fathers of TV - but both in the end were unsuccessful, because they missed vital aspects of The Big Picture....
Baran, Paul (born 1926)
Paul Baran was born in Poland in 1926. He moved to the United States with his family in 1928. After gaining a degree in electric engineering from Drexel University he became a technician at the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation....
Bardeen, John (1902-1987)
John Bardeen was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1956, jointly with Walter Brattain and William Shockley, for research into semiconductors and discovery of 'the transistor effect', which led to the development of the first transistor (created in 1947 and unveiled the following year)....
Bartle, Richard Allan (born 1960)
Richard Bartle along with Roy Trubshaw created the first true multi user computer game known as MUD (multi user dungeon) in 1978.
Baudot, Emile (1845-1903)

Emile Baudot invented a new telegraph code, machine, and printer to allow more than one message to be sent on a single wire at the same time.

Baudot began life working on his father's farm but he didn't enjoy being a farmer, and joined France's Administration of Posts and Telegraphs in 1869....

Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922)

Alexander Graham Bell was born on 3 March 1847. He was born in Scotland, but moved to America as an adult. He is known as the inventor of the telephone.

Bell had a strong imagination and an inquiring mind and created his first invention when he was 15 years old....

Bell & Hubbard
Alexander Graham Bell went to the United States as a teacher, rather than as an inventor. His lectures in teaching the deaf won him many friends - including a Boston attorney Gardiner Green Hubbard....
Berners-Lee, Sir Tim (born 1955)
Berners-Lee is the creator of the World Wide Web, the information platform of the Internet.

He worked briefly at CERN, the Swiss research laboratory for nuclear physics, in 1980, where he developed a unique computer programme for storing information called 'Enquire'....
Brin, Sergey (born 1973)

Sergey Brin, along with Larry Page, co-founded one of the most popular internet search engines: 'Google'.

Brin was born in Moscow, Russia in 1973, but emigrated to the United States in 1979....

Brattain, Walter H. (1865-1945)

Walter Brattain was one of the trio of scientists who created the transistor, for which he won a Nobel prize in 1956.

Brattain was born in China, but with his parents moved back to Washington state, USA to study....

Brunel, Isambard Kingdom (1806-1869)
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was one of the 19th century's greatest engineers.

Brunel was the son of a French inventor, and invention was in his blood. He studied mathematics, engineering and precision instrument making and always shone as a natural....
Bush, Vannevar (1890-1974)
Vannevar Bush was born in Massachusetts in 1890. He studied engineering at Tufts College. Whilst there he invented a land surveying device called a profile tracer.

He worked for General Electric after graduating from Tufts College testing electrical equipment....
fun and games

Can you beat our games? Explode equipment to see what's inside, hear the changing sounds of telecommunications, see how telecommunications designs have changed over time or send an e-postacard.

what's on

The UK's first permanent gallery dedicated to the history of information and communication technologies opens in the new Information Age gallery at London’s Science Museum.

audio history

Take a trip down memory lane with extracts of the interviews which have been recorded as part of the Connected Earth oral history programme.

featured story

100 years of automatic switching!
In 1912 the GPO installed Britain's first automatic telephone exchange in Epsom.

Discover the early days of the telephone...