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Suggested background reading and timeline sources

Where Wizards Stay Up Late – The Origins of the Internet by Katie Hafner & Matthew Lyon, Touchstone, 1998.

Inventing the Internet, Janet Abbate, MIT Press, 1999

WEAVING THE WEB: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by its Inventor,

Tim Berners-Lee & Mark Fischetti, HarperCollins, 2000

CONVERGENCE: The International Journal of Research into New Media, SAGE Publications (Various issues available at

Connected Earth website

Hobbes’ Internet Timeline Copyright ©1993-2006 by Robert H Zakon

The World Wide Web Consortium

The Living Internet website

Stanford University website

MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) website

CERN website

The Computer History Museum

‘History of the Net’ timeline

Webopedia Brief Timeline of the Internet

From Gutenberg to the Internet - a Sourcebook on the History of Information Technology

New Scientist

BBC Bitesize revision site 'Information Technology: the implications of IT'

WOW Academy

Search Engine History website

Columbia University Press Encyclopedia (through Yahoo Kids)

1. Genesis - the birth of the Internet

2. Early days - the Internet before the World Wide Web

3. Welcome to the web - the development of www as we know it

4. Searching - the first search engines

5. Banking and buying - the rise and rise of e-commerce and related security issues

6. Internet everywhere - Broadband, WiFi and mobile devices

7. Play - online games

8. Community - social networks

9. Sound and vision - convergence, online music, iPods and YouTube

10. What next? - become a futurologist and predict what's in store for communications

fun and games

Can you beat our games? Explode equipment to see what's inside, hear the changing sounds of telecommunications, see how telecommunications designs have changed over time or send an e-postacard.

what's on

The UK's first permanent gallery dedicated to the history of information and communication technologies opens in the new Information Age gallery at London’s Science Museum.

audio history

Take a trip down memory lane with extracts of the interviews which have been recorded as part of the Connected Earth oral history programme.

featured story

100 years of automatic switching!
In 1912 the GPO installed Britain's first automatic telephone exchange in Epsom.

Discover the early days of the telephone...